Diplomatic relations between USSR and Union of Burma was established on February 18, 1948. In 1950-60s Yangon Technological Institute, Inya Lake Hotel and General Hospital in Taunggyi were constructed with the Soviet Union assistance.


Russia and Myanmar share similar or close positions on the major issues of international agenda and cooperate in different international frameworks. Consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs are held on a regular basis. In 2009-2012 Myanmar successfully acted as the Coordinator of Russi-ASEAN dialogue partnership.


The two sides have signed a number of bilateral documents. They include the Agreement on Cultural Cooperation, Declaration on the Basic Principles of Friendly Relations, Consular Agreement on Visa-Free Entry for the Holders of Diplomatic and Official Passports, Agreement on Military-Technical Cooperation and a number of Inter-Ministerial Memorandums of Cooperation (inter alia, Home Affairs, Geology, Culture). 


In 2013 the two sides commemorated the 65th Anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations by organizing a series of official and cultural events in Yangon and Naypyitaw, including exhibitions of documentary photos, concerts of Russian musicians as well as a friendly call on the port of Yangon a mission of Russian Navy of the Pacific Fleet.


In 2014 the Russia-Myanmar Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation was established with its First Session held in August in Naypyitaw under co-chairmanship of Russian Minister of Economic Development Mr. Alexey Ulyukaev and Union Minister for National Planning and Economic Development Dr. Kan Zaw.


Bilateral humanitarian ties are actively developing, including cooperation in education and healthcare. Thousands of Myanmar students have received diplomas in the leading Russian Universities.


In the recent years a number of high-ranking visits took place. In 2014 Russian Prime Minister Mr. Dmitry Medvedev, Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Mr. Nikolai Patrushev, Deputy Foreign Minister Mr. Igor Morgulov and a number of ministerial delegation visited Myanmar. In 2015 Russia hosted the visits of Vice-President U Nyan Tun and Deputy Minister for Culture Daw Sanda Khin to Moscow and Saint-Petersburg.


The Russian Ministry of Emergency provided humanitarian aid to the people of Myanmar in 2008 and 2015 to assist the recovery efforts after the cyclone Nargis and the recent flood.